Classification Hierarchy
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Tracheophyta
Superdivision Spermatophyta
Division Magnoliophyta
Class Magnoliopsida
Subclass Asteridae
Order Solanales
Family Polemoniaceae
Genus Phlox
Species Phlox maculata
Wild sweetwilliam

Date: June 11, 2012. Location: Williams Prairie(map)

USDA Plant Profile Flora of N. America

Scientific Name: Phlox maculata (phlox [G] = flame; maculata = spotted)

Common Name: Wild sweetwilliam

Origin: Native

Notes: P. maculata is often found near water. Its most distinguishing characteristics are the spotted stem (hence the epithet maculata), and the cylindrical inflorescence. Also, when expanded, the overlapping petals eliminate the space between adjacent petals. P. maculata is probably less frequently encountered in the wild than any of the other three Phloxes native to our area (P. divaricata, P. pilosa, and P. bifida)

Additional references: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11.

Field Marks for Identification:

Flowers: May; corolla purple or red-violet to white, corolla tubes longer than petal lobe;

Stem: purple spotted or streaked, glabrous or slightly villous;

Leaves: Opposite, lanceolate,sessile.

Glossaries of botanical terms: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.

Wild sweetwilliam-1 Wild sweetwilliam-2 Wild sweetwilliam-3 Wild sweetwilliam-4 Wild sweetwilliam-5 Wild sweetwilliam-6 Wild sweetwilliam-7 Wild sweetwilliam-8 Wild sweetwilliam-9